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700 College Pl
Williamsport, PA, 17701
United States

Pension

State of Pennsylvania

County of Lycoming

 

            On this 4th day of December Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred and thirty two, Personally appeared in open court before the Honorable Seth Chapman President Judge and the Honorable John Cummings and Asher Davidson Associate Judges of the Court of Common Pleas now sitting, Richard Martin[1] a resident of Mifflin Township[2] in the County of Lycoming[3] and state of Pennsylvania aged 72 years. Who being duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7, 1832-

            That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served herein stated- Colonel Samuel Hunter[4] who had the command of the Militia of Northumberland County under the direction of Colonel Thomas Hartley[5] of the Continental Troops gave his orders to Captain John Chatham[6] and Alexander Hamilton[7], to enroll the inhabitants of the town of Northumberland in said county of Northumberland, where he the said applicant then resided. That he was enrolled for military service early in the spring of 1778, in obedience to the orders as above stated, that immediately after the enrollments were made out Captain Chatham’s company to which he the said applicant belonged met and held a regular election for First Lieutenant of said company which terminated in the election of said applicant, that he accepted said office and performed the duties of said station until the conclusion of the war- That they found it necessary to build a redoubt and stockade for the defense of the inhabitants against the hostile Indians the infested the county adjacent to the town of Northumberland that he frequently went out in scouting parties to search, and drive back the Indians. And also, frequently took command of such parties himself, that they traveled the country between their fort at Northumberland[8] and Bosley’s Fort at Chillisquaque[9] and Freeland’s Fort[10] at Warriors Run and Muncy Fort on Muncy Creek-[11] That they were up the West Branch of the River Susquehanna repelling the savages and driving them back above the Great Island under the command of Colonel Henry Antes[12]- and in various other expeditions and scouted for the same purpose and continued in actual service until the conclusion of the Revolutionary War- and also that he was on several occasions attached to the Continental troops in Colonel Hartley’s Regiment-

            That he has no documentary evidence in his possession of his service, and that he knows no person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his service- That they were promised the same pay and rationed that the regular troops received- but that they generally furnished their own rations- He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present- and declared that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state- and in answer to the interrogations prepared by the war department and propounded by the court the said applicant doth answer as follows-

1.     Where and in what year were you born?

Answer: I was born in East Jersey, Middlesex County in the state of New Jersey Anno Domini 1760

2.     Have you any record of your age, if so what is it?

Answer: There was one, but it is lost or mislaid-

3.     Where were you living when called into service, where have you lived since the Revolutionary War, where do you now live?

Answer: In the town of Northumberland in said county of Northumberland state of Pennsylvania, I removed to the upper part of the said county which is now Lycoming County- (Northumberland having been divided) where I now reside-

4.     How were you called into service

Answer: I was enrolled as stated in my declaration

5.     State the names of some of the regular officers-

Answer: I cannot recollect any other than whom I stated in my declaration

6.     Did you receive any commission

Answer: I never received any commission, but served as First Lieutenant by the election of the company

7.     State the names of the persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood who can testify your character for veracity and their belief of your services as a soldier of the Revolution

Answer: I am known to Samuel Stewart, Robert Covenhoven[13] and the Rev. William Turner, and Henry Antes who resided in my neighborhood and whose certificate is hereunto annexed-

Sworn and subscribed in Open Court, the day and year aforesaid-

                                                                                                                       Richard Martin

 

Endnotes

 

[1] Richard Martin, Methodist, was born in 1760 in Middlesex County, New Jersey. Richard married Sophia Reece and together, had two children Robert and James. Richard was the son of Robert Martin who was known for establishing “Martin’s Tavern” in Northumberland County. According to the tax records of Northumberland County, Richard was a part of the lower class. After the war, Martin settled in Mifflin Township and took an interest in farming. John F. Meginness, History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania ( Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1892), 242, 487; Daughters of the American Revolution, Eighteenth Report of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (Washington, DC: Government Printing Press, 1916), 72; Tax Records, Northumberland County, 1785-1787, in Pennsylvania Archives ed. William Henry Egle (Harrisburg State Printer, 1897), 19:673.

[2] Mifflin Township is located in the western portion of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Created in 1803, Mifflin Township was named after Governor Thomas Mifflin, the first Governor of Pennsylvania. Being outside the western boundary of the Province of Pennsylvania, the colonial settlers within the township were not protected by any of the thirteen original colonies. These settlers, known as the Fair Play Men, established their own government known as the “Fair Play System.” John F. Meginness, History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania (Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1892), 660-661.

[3] In 1752, the area that is now Lycoming County originally was a part of Berks County. Twenty years later, the county of Northumberland was formed from Berks and Lycoming County was formed in 1795 from Northumberland County. At the time, Lycoming County consisted of sixteen different counties and the early inhabitants of Lycoming were Iroquoian-speaking Indians.   John F. Meginness, History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania (Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1892) 17-31.

[4] Colonel Samuel Hunter, born in Ireland on 1732, served as an officer at Fort Augusta in 1763. Hunter served in the First Battalion and in 1776, became the County Lieutenant. Hunter was appointed a member of the Committees of Safety located in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania in 1775 and in 1783, served as a member of the Council of Censors. John F. Meginness, History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania (Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1892), 188-189.

[5] Colonel Thomas Hartley, born 1748, was elected to the Provincial Meeting of Deputies in 1774. As the American Revolution started in 1775, the Committees of Safety of Pennsylvania recommended Hartley to Congress who later commissioned him as Lieutenant Colonel of the 6th Pennsylvania Battalion in 1776. Later in 1779, Hartley was a member of the State Assembly and later was elected to the First Congress. William Henry Egle, Notes and Queries: Historical, Biographical and Genealogical: Relating to the Interior of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Harrisburg Publishing Company, 1895), 45.

[6] Captain John Chatham, born in England in 1769, settled on piece of land near Chatham’s Run in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. Captain Chatham led the Seventh Company in the Second Battalion in the Northumberland County Militia. Specifically, Captain Chatham protected surrounding inhabitants from Indian Raids. J. Milton Furey, Historical and Biographical Work: or Past and Present of Clinton County, Pennsylvania (Williamsport, Pennsylvania: Grit Printing House, 1802), 92.

[7] Alexander Hamilton, born 1725, served as a member on the Committees of Safety of Northumberland County in 1776. Hamilton served with the Northumberland County Militia until he was killed by the Indians in 1781. Daughters of the American Revolution, Lineage Book (Washington DC: The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1916), 103.

[8] In the pension, the fort of “Northumberland” refers to Fort Augusta. Fort August was the largest of the provincial forts located along the frontier of the Upper Susquehanna River. Built in 1756, the fort was a stronghold for both the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. Throughout the Revolutionary War, Fort Augusta operated as the Military headquarters of the Upper Susquehanna until the fort was dismantled in 1796. John M. Buckalew, the Frontier Forts within the North and West Branches of the Susquehanna River (Wilkes Barre: E.B. Yordy Printer, 1896), 6-15.

[9] Fort Bosley is located in Washingtonville, Pennsylvania near the Chillisquaque River. In 1777, the fort was stockade and served as a refuge for woman and children as the men either defended the fort or scouted for intelligence. After the British and Native American invasion of Fort Freeland in 1779, Fort Bosley served as a protectorate for the stream below the Chillisquaque River. John G. Freeze, A History of Columbia County, Pennsylvania: From the Earliest of Times (Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania: Elwell and Bittenbender, 1883), 13-35.

[10] Fort Freeland was originally the location of a mill built by Jacob Freeland in 1774. The fort is located east of Watsontown, Pennsylvania and stockade in 1778. In 1779, British Allied Native Americans and British troops surrounded the fort that served as a safe house for local inhabitants. With only 21 people living within the fort, the settlers surrendered the fort to the British. C Hale Sipe, The Indian Wars of Pennsylvania: Account of the Indian Events in Pennsylvania and the Indian Uprising from 1789-1795 (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Telegraph Press, 1931), 590.

[11] Fort Muncy, built in 1778 by Colonel Thomas Hartley, was situated on a wealthy Quaker family’s property in Muncy Township, Lycoming County. The fort served as a safe post for the inhabitants of the West Branch Valley. John Franklin Meginness, Otzinachson: A History of the West Branch Valley of the Susquehanna (Williamsport, Pennsylvania: Gazette and Bulletin Printing House, 1889).

[12] In 1778, Lieutenant Colonel Henry Antes, builder of Fort Antes located near Jersey Shore, Lycoming County, provided refuge for the inhabitants of the Indian Land, the Fair Play Men, and the inhabitants located at the south side of the river. Henry Antes served as a Justice of the Peace and Sheriff of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. Henry Mechior Muhlenberg Richards, Report of the Commission to Locate the Site of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: State Printer, 1896), 394-395.

[13] Robert Covenhoven, Presbyterian, was born of low Dutch descent on December 27, 1755 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Robert married Mary Kelsey Cutter of Province, New Jersey on February 22, 1778 and together, conceived eight children. Before the war, Robert was an avid hunter and axman throughout the West Branches of the Susquehanna Valley. According to the tax records of Northumberland County, Robert fell in the lower class of society. After the war, the fearless and brave Robert Covenhoven purchased a farm in “Level Corner” Lycoming County where his wife died in 1843. Following the death of his wife, Covenhoven moved in with his daughter in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania until his death. Robert Covenhoven, June 7, 1832, Revolutionary War Pension Application, S12547; William Henry Egle, Pennsylvania Women In the American Revolution (The University of Virginia: Polyanthos, 1972) 55-57; John F. Meginness, History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania (Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1892); Tax Records, Northumberland County, 1785-1787, in Pennsylvania Archives ed. William Henry Egle (Harrisburg: State Printer, 1897), 19:623, 705, 781.


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